Now that the National Hockey League has announced this week its detailed road map for returning to action with a playoff tentatively set for mid-July, it can start focusing on all the steps needed to make its plan actually happen.
There are many issues, some complicated, that need to be settled over the next several weeks to yield a 24-team, two-city hockey extravaganza that in its early stages would see up to three games played per day in a single arena, much like in the Olympics or the N.C.A.A. tournament.
But the most important step the N.H.L. must confront to move forward is the same one that daunts the rest of the United States — figuring out how to execute a coronavirus testing protocol for players, staff and family members.
The N.H.L.’s complex plan to end its regular season and jump into a 24-team playoff became necessary months ago when hockey, and most sports, were forced to shut down because of the coronavirus pandemic. Resuming play could mean testing each player every night, expediting the results to be delivered in the mornings before players and staff head to arenas for games or practices. Gary Bettman, the N.H.L. commissioner, said in a news conference on Tuesday that by the end of the Stanley Cup finals the league will have administered 25,000 to 30,000 tests under the guidelines outlined in a memo on Monday.
Under the league’s phased plan to restart, individual teams will be responsible for testing their players and staff members when voluntary workouts at the clubs’ home practice facilities begin, which could be as early as next month. Mandatory training camps are tentatively expected to start as soon as July 1, when teams would also handle testing. Once the teams report to one of two hub cities for playoff games — which could begin in late July or August — the N.H.L. will take over testing and its costs, which Bettman said will run into the millions of dollars.
He also warned that the availability of tests will be a principal factor in choosing the two hub cities — one for each conference — from a list that includes Chicago; Columbus, Ohio; Dallas; Edmonton, Alberta; Las Vegas; Los Angeles; Minneapolis/St. Paul; Pittsburgh; Vancouver; and Toronto.
“We need to make sure that there is enough testing available and we’ll be needing lots and lots of testing,” he said. “But we don’t want it to interfere with the medical needs of the community. That has to come first.”
Players are likely to bring their families to the two hubs and, once inside, they would also need to undergo regimented testing. No plans have been made to allow guests or on who would assume the cost and administration of testing them.
Bill Daly, the league’s deputy commissioner, said during the news conference that if one or two players test positive, it will not cause the entire project to shut down. But if a breakout occurs, it could cause a significant disruption.
“Obviously we can’t be in a situation where we have an outbreak, and that will affect our ability to continue playing,” Daly said. “But a single positive test or isolated positive tests throughout a two-month tournament should not necessarily mean an end to the tournament.”
There are other more mundane health issues to be settled, too. Two and a half months have passed since most players were in playing shape, and they must resume training even before mandatory training camps open. Matt Nichol, who has trained N.H.L. players over summers for the last 22 years, said he expected more soft-tissue injuries and pointed to a rash of such injuries when Germany’s Bundesliga restarted earlier this month.
“It’s a reasonable expectation that there will be a higher number than normal,” Nichol said. “If you are careful you can reduce the chances of that happening. There is time for that, but there is not time to waste.”
Fans are not likely to be allowed at games but there could be fake fans. Bettman indicated the television networks will experiment with ways to make the broadcasts seem normal.
Selection of the hub cities is on hold as the N.H.L. tries to assess infection rates and travel restrictions with input from health officials and local government.
Daly said that the league is in talks with Canadian government officials to ensure that teams would be able to freely cross borders, but Canada, which has three cities on the prospective hubs list, has a mandated 14-day quarantine for travelers arriving in the country.
“We don’t have a resolution there,” Daly said, “but it’s an ongoing dialogue, for sure.”
Beyond the discussions with its external stakeholders, the league must also resolve outstanding competitive and economic issues with its players for its plan to become a reality. The two-tier playoff format, where the top four teams in each conference play a mini round-robin tournament to determine seeding while the remaining 16 teams play best-of-five series, has drawn criticism.
Frequently Asked Questions and Advice
Updated May 28, 2020
My state is reopening. Is it safe to go out?
States are reopening bit by bit. This means that more public spaces are available for use and more and more businesses are being allowed to open again. The federal government is largely leaving the decision up to states, and some state leaders are leaving the decision up to local authorities. Even if you aren’t being told to stay at home, it’s still a good idea to limit trips outside and your interaction with other people.
What’s the risk of catching coronavirus from a surface?
Touching contaminated objects and then infecting ourselves with the germs is not typically how the virus spreads. But it can happen. A number of studies of flu, rhinovirus, coronavirus and other microbes have shown that respiratory illnesses, including the new coronavirus, can spread by touching contaminated surfaces, particularly in places like day care centers, offices and hospitals. But a long chain of events has to happen for the disease to spread that way. The best way to protect yourself from coronavirus — whether it’s surface transmission or close human contact — is still social distancing, washing your hands, not touching your face and wearing masks.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
Common symptoms include fever, a dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. Some of these symptoms overlap with those of the flu, making detection difficult, but runny noses and stuffy sinuses are less common. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle pain, sore throat, headache and a new loss of the sense of taste or smell as symptoms to look out for. Most people fall ill five to seven days after exposure, but symptoms may appear in as few as two days or as many as 14 days.
How can I protect myself while flying?
If air travel is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. Most important: Wash your hands often, and stop touching your face. If possible, choose a window seat. A study from Emory University found that during flu season, the safest place to sit on a plane is by a window, as people sitting in window seats had less contact with potentially sick people. Disinfect hard surfaces. When you get to your seat and your hands are clean, use disinfecting wipes to clean the hard surfaces at your seat like the head and arm rest, the seatbelt buckle, the remote, screen, seat back pocket and the tray table. If the seat is hard and nonporous or leather or pleather, you can wipe that down, too. (Using wipes on upholstered seats could lead to a wet seat and spreading of germs rather than killing them.)
How many people have lost their jobs due to coronavirus in the U.S.?
More than 40 million people — the equivalent of 1 in 4 U.S. workers — have filed for unemployment benefits since the pandemic took hold. One in five who were working in February reported losing a job or being furloughed in March or the beginning of April, data from a Federal Reserve survey released on May 14 showed, and that pain was highly concentrated among low earners. Fully 39 percent of former workers living in a household earning $40,000 or less lost work, compared with 13 percent in those making more than $100,000, a Fed official said.
Is ‘Covid toe’ a symptom of the disease?
There is an uptick in people reporting symptoms of chilblains, which are painful red or purple lesions that typically appear in the winter on fingers or toes. The lesions are emerging as yet another symptom of infection with the new coronavirus. Chilblains are caused by inflammation in small blood vessels in reaction to cold or damp conditions, but they are usually common in the coldest winter months. Federal health officials do not include toe lesions in the list of coronavirus symptoms, but some dermatologists are pushing for a change, saying so-called Covid toe should be sufficient grounds for testing.
Can I go to the park?
Yes, but make sure you keep six feet of distance between you and people who don’t live in your home. Even if you just hang out in a park, rather than go for a jog or a walk, getting some fresh air, and hopefully sunshine, is a good idea.
How do I take my temperature?
Taking one’s temperature to look for signs of fever is not as easy as it sounds, as “normal” temperature numbers can vary, but generally, keep an eye out for a temperature of 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. If you don’t have a thermometer (they can be pricey these days), there are other ways to figure out if you have a fever, or are at risk of Covid-19 complications.
Should I wear a mask?
The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.
What should I do if I feel sick?
If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.
How do I get tested?
If you’re sick and you think you’ve been exposed to the new coronavirus, the C.D.C. recommends that you call your healthcare provider and explain your symptoms and fears. They will decide if you need to be tested. Keep in mind that there’s a chance — because of a lack of testing kits or because you’re asymptomatic, for instance — you won’t be able to get tested.
How can I help?
Charity Navigator, which evaluates charities using a numbers-based system, has a running list of nonprofits working in communities affected by the outbreak. You can give blood through the American Red Cross, and World Central Kitchen has stepped in to distribute meals in major cities.
Some feel the number of playoff teams was expanded to 24 from 16 to include two more Canadian teams — the Montreal Canadiens and Winnipeg Jets — plus the big-market Chicago Blackhawks, Rangers and Islanders. But the decision to set the playoff standings according to points percentage excluded all of the N.H.L.’s California-based teams and the Detroit Red Wings, one of its most well-followed franchises, from postseason play.
Seven teams had their seasons ended with Bettman’s announcement on Tuesday, with some, like the Buffalo Sabres and the Devils, having played fewer games than their competitors.
Those teams can perhaps take solace in avoiding the headache of undertaking two months of preparation to play what could be only three games.
“Who’s happier than the seven teams who aren’t in it?” said Steve Valiquette, the former Islanders and Rangers goalie who now serves as an analyst for the MSG Network.
“Seriously, I went through this with the Islanders. We were out by a country mile and for those last two months it’s tough. I’m sure they are happy to get on with their summer program and get a fresh start for next year.”